Parts of Flowers and Their Functions and Explanations
Parts of Flowers – Flowers are part of plants. This section is divided into functions and structures and their respective functions. Below is a description of the structure and function of flowers.
When viewed from the completeness of the flower section, namely flower genitals and flower jewelry, it consists of complete flowers and incomplete flowers.
- Complete flower
A complete flower consists of the following parts and functions:
a. Flower stalk
The flower stalk is the part of the flower that is located at the bottom of the flower. The flower stalk acts as a support and connecting flower stalks and twigs.
b. Flower base
The base of the flower is located around the bottom, namely above the flower stalk. The base of the flower has a role for the attachment of the flower crown.
c. Flower petals
The petals are the outer part of the flower that covers the crown when it is in bud. The use of the flower petals is to keep the flower crown while it is in bud and will open when the crown has expanded. Flower petals are usually color and shape similar to leaves.
d. Flower Crown
The flower crown itself is a very beautiful and colorful part of the flower. Flower crowns are generally referred to as flower jewelry. The beauty of the flower crown so attracts the insect to want to land and help the pollination process.
The stamen is the male genitalia on the flower which functions for flower reproduction which is divided into anthers, anthers and pollen. The stamens are usually in the center of the flower crown.
The pistil is the female genitalia. At the end of the pistil is called the stigma. While the long pistil component is called the pistil. The prospective fruit can be found in the area around the bottom of the pistil. Prospective seeds are in the fruit which has two nuclei, namely the prospective institution and the egg cell.
- Incomplete flowers
Flowers are also called incomplete flowers if there is no part or one part of the flower either on the flower’s genitals or jewelry.
According to the completeness of the genitals, flowers are of two types, namely perfect flowers and imperfect flowers.
a. Perfect Flower
Flowers are also called perfect flowers if there are two types of sex organs, namely pistils and stamens.
b. Imperfect Flowers
Flowers are not perfect
A flower is called an imperfect flower if it only has one sex, that is, one of the two can only be the pistil or the stamen only.
The most important function of flowers is for sexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction is reproduction that begins with fertilization.
Thus the reviews about the parts of the flower and its function. Hopefully useful.